Sydney is a city and the state capital of New South Wales in Australia. It is the most populated city in Australia which has a population of approximately 5.3 million people located in 658 suburbs. It is most likely most famous for its iconic Sydney Opera House and also the Harbour Bridge and also holding the 2000 Olympic Games.
The Sydney region has probably been lived in for around 30,000 years by indigenous Australians. The sailer James Cook’s initial Pacific voyage back in 1770 ended up the initial Europeans to chart the east coast of Australia. They made landfall at Botany Bay which motivated lots of British interest in the area. The first European settlement had been by Arthur Phillip whom started Sydney being a British penal colony in 1788 after the landing of the First Fleet of convicts. Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842 plus the travel of the United Kingdom convicts to there ceased then. In 1851, a gold rush happened in Australia giving additional development and immigration. Over the next century, Sydney was changed from the image as a colonial outpost into what it is today as significant worldwide cultural and financial centre. Mass migration coming from Europe occurred after World War II leading to the growth and development of Sydney in to one of the more multicultural cities in the world with over a third of the population talking a language aside from English in the home. Financially, there is a substantial number of foreign banks and international businesses located in Sydney and the city wants to market itself as Australia’s monetary capital along with a top financial centre. The University of Sydney was the countries first university, having been established in 1850 and is regarded as being one of the main universities in the world. The State Library of New South Wales, which first opened in 1826 is the oldest library in Australia.
Sydney is regarded as one of the more expensive locations in the world where you can live, nevertheless it does frequently rank in the top ten of the most liveable cities globally. It carries a fierce rivalry with the other significant Australian city of Melbourne over this. This rivalry additionally extends to sports entertainment. The Sydney Morning Herald is Australia’s oldest newspaper which is still in print since being set up in 1831. The other key paper is The Daily Telegraph that has been in print continuously since 1879.
Travel and leisure is significant for the Sydney economy with it being in the fifteen most visited cities in the world, going to points of interest such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House and furthermore over 2,500,000 acres of nature reserves and recreational areas. The main passenger airport which serves Sydney is Kingsford-Smith Airport that is one of the world’s oldest international airports. An additional airport terminal is currently getting built in the western suburbs. Central Station that was built-in 1906 is the principal hub of the city’s train system. Sydney frequently hosts key international sports, including the 2000 Summer Olympics which were reported to be the greatest Olympics ever.